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积分球是个什么球?
<p style="margin: 0pt; line-height: 1.75em;"><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-family: Calibri; font-size: 11pt; mso-spacerun: &quot;yes&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt;"><span style="font-family: 宋体;">积分球(</span>Integrating sphere<span style="font-family: 宋体;">)又称为光通球、光度球,是一个中空的完整球壳。</span></span></p><p style="margin: 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 1.75em;"><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 11pt; mso-spacerun: &quot;yes&quot;; mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri;">&nbsp;<img title="1621218011264707.png" alt="图片1.png" src="/uploads/image/20210517/1621218011264707.png"/></span></p><p style="margin: 0pt; line-height: 1.75em;"><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-family: Calibri; font-size: 11pt; mso-spacerun: &quot;yes&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt;">积分球多由金属材料制成,内壁涂白色高漫反射层(通常是氧化镁或硫酸钡),且球内壁各点漫射均匀。</span></p><p style="margin: 0pt; line-height: 1.75em;"><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-family: Calibri; font-size: 11pt; mso-spacerun: &quot;yes&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt;">&nbsp;</span></p><p style="margin: 0pt; line-height: 1.75em;"><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-family: Calibri; font-size: 11pt; mso-spacerun: &quot;yes&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt;"><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 11pt; mso-spacerun: &quot;yes&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt;">也有积分球采用高反射高分子材料制成,例如</span>Spectralon<span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 11pt; mso-spacerun: &quot;yes&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt;">材料。</span></span></p><p style="margin: 0pt; line-height: 1.75em;"><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-family: Calibri; font-size: 11pt; mso-spacerun: &quot;yes&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt;">光源在球壁上任意一点上产生的光照度是由多次反射光产生的光照度叠加而成的。</span></p><p style="margin: 0pt; line-height: 1.75em;"><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-family: Calibri; font-size: 11pt; mso-spacerun: &quot;yes&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt;">这样,进入积分球的光经过内壁涂层多次反射,在内壁上形成均匀照度。</span></p><p style="margin: 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 1.75em;"><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-family: Calibri; font-size: 11pt; mso-spacerun: &quot;yes&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt;">&nbsp;<img title="1621218022965899.png" alt="图片2.png" src="/uploads/image/20210517/1621218022965899.png"/></span></p><p style="margin: 0pt; line-height: 1.75em;"><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-family: Calibri; font-size: 11pt; mso-spacerun: &quot;yes&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt;">积分球常用于测试光源的光通量、色温、光效等参数,也可用于测量物体的反射率和透过率等。</span></p><p style="margin: 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: 1.75em;"><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-family: Calibri; font-size: 11pt; mso-spacerun: &quot;yes&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt;">&nbsp;<img title="1621218034804539.png" alt="图片3.png" src="/uploads/image/20210517/1621218034804539.png"/></span></p><p style="margin: 0pt; line-height: 1.75em;"><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-family: Calibri; font-size: 11pt; mso-spacerun: &quot;yes&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt;"><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 11pt; mso-spacerun: &quot;yes&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt;">最常见的积分球结构测色仪器为</span>d/8<span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 11pt; mso-spacerun: &quot;yes&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt;">结构,也有</span>d/0<span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 11pt; mso-spacerun: &quot;yes&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt;">结构。</span></span></p><p style="margin: 0pt; line-height: 1.75em;"><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-family: Calibri; font-size: 11pt; mso-spacerun: &quot;yes&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt;"><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 11pt; mso-spacerun: &quot;yes&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt;">对于</span>d/8<span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 11pt; mso-spacerun: &quot;yes&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt;">结构测色仪,有两种测量模式</span>SCI<span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 11pt; mso-spacerun: &quot;yes&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt;">和</span>SCE<span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 11pt; mso-spacerun: &quot;yes&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt;">;(详见这里)</span></span></p><p style="margin: 0pt; line-height: 1.75em;"><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-family: Calibri; font-size: 11pt; mso-spacerun: &quot;yes&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt;"><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 11pt; mso-spacerun: &quot;yes&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt;">采用</span>SCI<span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 11pt; mso-spacerun: &quot;yes&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt;">测量颜色可以有效的消除掉物体表面纹理对颜色测量的影响,进而获得物体的真实颜色特征。</span></span></p><p><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">&nbsp;</span></p><p style="margin: 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0);"><strong><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 11pt; font-weight: bold; mso-spacerun: &quot;yes&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt;">理想积分球的条件:</span></strong></span></p><p style="margin: 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-family: Calibri; font-size: 11pt; mso-spacerun: &quot;yes&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt;">A<span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 11pt; mso-spacerun: &quot;yes&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt;">、积分球内表面为一完整的几何球面,半径处处相等;</span></span></p><p style="margin: 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-family: Calibri; font-size: 11pt; mso-spacerun: &quot;yes&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt;">B<span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 11pt; mso-spacerun: &quot;yes&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt;">、球内壁是中性均匀漫射面,对于各种波长的入射光线具有相同的漫反射比;</span></span></p><p style="margin: 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-family: Calibri; font-size: 11pt; mso-spacerun: &quot;yes&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt;">C<span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 11pt; mso-spacerun: &quot;yes&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt;">、球内没有任何物体,光源也看作只发光而没有实物的抽象光源。</span></span></p><p style="margin: 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-family: Calibri; font-size: 11pt; mso-spacerun: &quot;yes&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt;">&nbsp;</span></p><p style="margin: 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0);"><strong><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 11pt; font-weight: bold; mso-spacerun: &quot;yes&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt;">影响积分球测量精度的因素:</span></strong></span></p><p style="margin: 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-family: Calibri; font-size: 11pt; mso-spacerun: &quot;yes&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt;">A<span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 11pt; mso-spacerun: &quot;yes&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt;">、球内壁是均匀的理想漫射层,服从朗伯定则;</span></span></p><p style="margin: 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-family: Calibri; font-size: 11pt; mso-spacerun: &quot;yes&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt;">B<span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 11pt; mso-spacerun: &quot;yes&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt;">、球内壁各点的反射率相等;</span></span></p><p style="margin: 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-family: Calibri; font-size: 11pt; mso-spacerun: &quot;yes&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt;">C<span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 11pt; mso-spacerun: &quot;yes&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt;">、球内壁白色涂层的漫射是中性的;</span></span></p><p style="margin: 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-family: Calibri; font-size: 11pt; mso-spacerun: &quot;yes&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt;">D<span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 11pt; mso-spacerun: &quot;yes&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt;">、球半径处处相等,球内除灯外无其他物体存在;</span></span></p><p style="margin: 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-family: Calibri; font-size: 11pt; mso-spacerun: &quot;yes&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt;">所以,积分球内壁起球,剥落,黄变都会影响其测量精度。</span></p><p style="margin: 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-family: Calibri; font-size: 11pt; mso-spacerun: &quot;yes&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt;">&nbsp;</span></p><p style="margin: 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 11pt; mso-spacerun: &quot;yes&quot;; mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri;">莱森光学(深圳)有限公司(<span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); line-height: 150%; font-family: Calibri; font-size: 11pt; mso-spacerun: &quot;yes&quot;; mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-font-kerning: 1.0000pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri;">http://www.lisenoptics.cn</span>)是一家提供光机电一体化集成解决方案的高科技公司,我们专注于光谱传感和光电应用系统的研发、生产和销售。</span></p><p></p>
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